The HGV medical test is required to obtain an HGV license in the United Kingdom. This article answers FAQs about HGV and HGV medicals.
HGV is an abbreviation for heavy goods vehicles. Any lorry with a gross domestic mass of over 3,500kg is considered an HGV. Large emergency vehicles, livestock trucks, flatbed lorries, tankers, and other special vehicles fall under this category
An HGV driver is an individual who is licensed to drive a heavy goods vehicle commercially.
To be an HGV driver, you must possess a valid HGV driver’s license. Here are certain conditions you need to meet to get an HGV license
The HGV medical test is a medical examination that ensures that an individual is physically and medically fit to drive a heavy goods vehicle. HGV medicals are crucial to the issuance of an HGV license in the UK.
The HGV medical examination is done for every new driver alongside paperwork (D4) that is checked by the physician for examination. Old and experienced drivers are also mandated to take a new medical exam every time their license needs to be renewed. HGV licenses for these categories – C, CE, C1, C1E, D, DE, D1 or D1E, all have a validity of five years for drivers below age 45.
The D4 medical form is a form that your attending doctor will fill and states whether or not you’re medically fit to drive a heavy goods vehicle. The paper is obtained from the Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency (DVLA) and must be taken for an HGV medical test.
There are majorly two parts to an HGV medical:
Here, the physician asks some questions about your health and past health history. The doctor also discusses any existing medical condition(s) that could inhibit safe driving. This interview is usually done before the actual physical examination.
This is the second stage of HGV medicals. At this stage, the doctor fills an official DVLA form that he’ll later submit directly to the authorities. The doctor checks your vital signs, eyesight, mental health, neurological stability, etc.The duration of this exam isn’t more than 30 minutes.
To obtain approval from a private doctor or your doctor as the case may be. To successfully pass the HGV medicals, Here are the critical requirements.
One of the vital elements your doctor will be considering is your eyesight. It is required that all HGV drivers can read a number plate from a distance of about 18 meters, whether wearing glasses or not.If you use glasses, your prescription can’t go beyond +8, and the minimum angle for your vision is 160 degrees.
Neurological problems could carry grave consequences for drivers and road users. Hence, it is required that the driver in question be neurologically fit. The doctor will inquire about various medical conditions, including memory problems, seizures, epilepsy, stroke, blackouts, etc. The doctor could also enquire about previous brain surgeries and other neurological procedures
For safety, all HGV drivers must be in good mental health conditions. To affirm this, your attending doctor might discuss various mental health conditions with you. He may also attempt to find out if you have had any mental health conditions in the past. Conditions discussed with you may include depression, dementia, post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety disorders, cognitive impairment, etc.
The heart is a very vital organ of the body. Hence, any unmanaged heart disease is considered a red flag in the medical test. If you have a heart condition being treated, it shouldn’t be a problem, except it is life-threatening. However, you might be denied permission to drive under certain conditions, e.g., if you recently had heart surgery. Your doctor will discuss some of these conditions with you.
It is against the law for any driver to be under the influence of alcohol. For HGV drivers, the doctor will rigorously examine your records for any signs of drug abuse and alcohol intake. Note that if you are a drug addict or alcoholic, you will likely fail your HGV medical examination. Also, during the HGV medical, a doctor can seek any signs of chronic drug and alcohol use.
If you wear glasses, you can wear them for your test. You’d be asked to take a test without your glasses or eye contact and another with it. If you wear glasses, the corrective power of your lens should not exceed (+8) diopters. You should also have a horizontal visual field of at least 160 degrees.
Every incoming driver must take the HGV medicals. After that, you undergo the examination to ensure you’re still fit each time you renew your license
Undoubtedly, alcohol and illegal drug use is a leading cause of accidents and deaths. In the UK, driving an HGV with drugs or alcohol in one’s system is unlawful. So, the doctor also checks for signs of alcohol and drug use during the examination. If you have alcohol in your system during your medical, that is a clear sign of a problem.
Yes. Lack of sleep remains a cause of fatal road accidents. So signs of possible sleep disorder are also noted by the doctor during the medical examination.Having sleep disorders does not automatically disqualify you, but you must be honest with your doctor, not to endanger lives so your situation can be managed professionally.
There is a price to pay, but it varies depending on if you use a private or public doctor. Therefore, seek out the best doctors with a fair fee perfect for your pocket. The average cost of an HGV medical is between the range of £60-£65 including VAT.